We ship worldwide. Thousands of adventures delivered to over 30 countries!
Learn about the Stuarts in the twelfth adventure which transports you back to the time of the Stuarts. You will learn about the Gunpowder Plot, the Great Fire of London, the English Civil War and more.
Begin the history adventure with a Mysteries in Time subscription box for kids.
Max and Katie travel back to the time of the Stuarts. The year is 1666 and the Great Fire of
London has been raging through the city for several days. Hidden in one family’s home is a letter
that proves a man’s innocence.
Can Max and Katie find this letter before it is lost in the fire forever?
Join Max and Katie on their adventure through time as they learn about the Gunpowder Plot, the Great Fire of London, the English Civil War and more!
St Paul's Cathedral in London was designed by the famous architect, Sir Christopher Wren, after the original building burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666.
The Mayflower was the ship that sailed 102 settlers from England to America in 1620.
The English Civil War was fought between the Cavaliers and the Roundheads.
The Stuart kings and queens were on the throne from 1603 until 1714, with a break in the
middle when England was declared a republic after the Civil War.
The city of London changed dramatically during the Stuart era after being largely destroyed in the Great Fire of London and rebuilt better than before. William Shakespeare continued to write his popular plays and the theatre flourished in the second half of the Stuart years.
In September 1666, a bakery on Pudding Lane in London caught fire. It was an accident that
changed the way London looked forever. The fire spread quickly and burnt for four days. Incredibly, only six
people are believed to have died, but over 13,000 houses were destroyed.
There were several reasons why the fire spread so quickly. The houses in London were built of wood and straw and were very close to each other. There had just been a long, hot summer with very little rain. This meant the wooden houses were especially dry, which meant they burnt quicker. There was also a strong wind, which fanned the flames and blew the flames from house to house.
During the 17th century, many people disliked the power that the king or queen held. They
believed that Parliament should have more say in how the country was run. Eventually, these disagreements became
violent and the king and the parliament declared war on each other. This was a civil war, which means people
within a country start fighting each other. The Civil War saw many battles take place between 1642 and 1651.
There were two sides, known as the Parliamentarians (nicknamed the Roundheads) and the Royalists (nicknamed the Cavaliers).
During the 17th century, there was religious unrest. There was a group of people who were
Protestants, but who did not agree with the way the Church of England was being run. After trying to settle
in Holland, they eventually set sail across the Atlantic Sea in search of a new life in the New World. They settled
in North America in a place that later became known as New England.
In 1620, 102 people boarded a ship called the Mayflower and set sail from Plymouth on the south coast of England. They were all hoping for a new start in a new land. We call these people the 'Pilgrims'. The journey across the Atlantic Sea was not easy; there were storms and large waves, but the Mayflower made the journey in two months.
There was still a lot of religious unrest during the 17th century. King James I was
Protestant, but his mother had been Catholic, so people expected their new king to be tolerant of both beliefs.
They were wrong; James I was very harsh on Catholics and ordered all Catholic priests to leave the country.
A group of thirteen men came up with a plan to blow up the Houses of Parliament on 5th November 1605 with
King James I inside. They hoped that his Catholic daughter would then become queen. These men rented a
cellar that ran beneath the Houses of Parliament and filled it with gunpowder. The scene was set.
Guy Fawkes was one of the men involved in the plot, but he wasn't the ringleader. He is famous today because he was the one who was caught red-handed with the gunpowder. He eventually confessed and was sentenced to death.